Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (Studio Art/1475-1564) was a sculptor and painter active during the Italian Renaissance. People today generally know him for his painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and for his marble statue of the biblical hero David. Pope Julius II asked him to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, which he did entirely on his own after firing all of his assistants. The work was originally planned to be a painting of the twelve apostles, but his imagination changed it into a mural of more than three-hundred biblical figures. He remains one of the most celebrated artists in European history.
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