Rosalind Franklin (Biology)

Rosalind Franklin (Biology/1920-1958) was an English chemist who contributed to the scientific community’s understanding of the molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal, and graphite. In 1952, while a faculty member at King’s College, London, Franklin and an assisting X-ray crystallographer supervised the research that ultimately lead to Photograph 51, an X-ray diffraction image capturing the structure of DNA. This research paved the way for understanding the structural nature of DNA and eventually the development of the double helix model many are familiar with today. Unfortunately, Franklin was not able to truly see the impact of her work as she tragically died of ovarian cancer at the young age of thirty-seven years old.

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